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By Martin R. Zammit

This paintings doesn't target to be an etymological dictionary of Qur'anic Arabic, nor does it try and recommend a few new genetic type of the Semitic languages. really, it bargains insights into the inner lexical relationships attested in a few Semitic types inside Qur'anic Arabic (seventh century AD). The paintings is predicated on a quantitative research of a considerable corpus of the Arabic lexicon so as to investigating lexical relationships inside a few Semitic languages. Qur'anic Arabic is the resource of a lexical mass comparability workout regarding Akkadian, Ugaritic, Aramaic, Syriac, Hebrew, Phoenician, Epigraphic South Arabian and Ge'ez. furthermore, the lexical hyperlinks pointed out during this research are in themselves linguistic signs of many of the levels of cultural proximity characterising a few of the Semitic languages.

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28 In the Afroasiatic sphere, the works by M. 29 The guiding principle in these studies is that lexical items (usually verbal stems and primary nouns) with the same phonetic and semantic value in different cognate languages, including those chronologically and geographically distant from each other, belong to the lexicon of a Semitic proto-language "... in a synchro nic phase shortly before the historical attestations. . "30 Different criteria have been adopted by various scholars to identify basic Semitic lexical items.

This emphasis on NWS has been dictated, in the main, by the exigencies of biblical scholarship. 4 The Common Semitic vocabulary One of the fields of research in Semitic lexical studies is that concerned with the identification of a Common (or basic) Semitic vocabulary. 27 The works by Guidi, Bergstrasser, D. 28 In the Afroasiatic sphere, the works by M. 29 The guiding principle in these studies is that lexical items (usually verbal stems and primary nouns) with the same phonetic and semantic value in different cognate languages, including those chronologically and geographically distant from each other, belong to the lexicon of a Semitic proto-language "...

C. 13 Not much is known about the ancient Arabs' linguistic background. Undoubtedly, some nomadic tribes were Aramaic-speaking. The Kedarite Arabs, amongst others, had been in very close contact with the Aramaean tribes since the 8th c. C. 14 The earliest attestations to what is considered as a language related to Arabic come from inscriptions written in a script derived from South Arabian. These were found in Safa, in south-eastern Syria, and date from the 4th c. C. onwards. C. did not resist the region's Aramaean-Hellenistic culture, and it was this 9 Ephcal 1982: 113.

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