By James F. Miskel
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Fawaz A. Gerges is professor of diplomacy and Emirates Professor in modern heart East reviews on the London institution of Economics and Political technological know-how. His many books comprise the recent center East, Obama and the center East, and The a ways Enemy. His writing has seemed within the big apple occasions, the Washington publish, the father or mother, overseas Affairs, and different publications.
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"Fawaz Gerges, lengthy essentially the most perceptive writers in regards to the center East, has written a lucid and erudite account of the increase of ISIS that might be learn with nice revenue by way of either experts and most people. "--Peter Bergen, writer of usa of Jihad, Manhunt, and The Longest struggle
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Extra info for A Fevered Crescent: Security and Insecurity in the Greater Near East
The more entrenched these nongovernment or antigovernment organizations become—as they will be as city and national governments fail to deliver services—the more difficult it will be for governments to reassert control. It is already the case in some cities. In certain Brazilian favelas and even in some UN-administered refugee camps that have virtually become cities, police forces have essentially chosen not even to attempt law enforcement. In effect, these so-called feral parts of the city today have and perhaps entire feral cities tomorrow will have the ability to resist imposition of control and to wring concessions from the government—virtual exemptions from the standards and norms applied in the rest of the country.
This may be changing as a result of the war on terror, but based on its course so far, the war on terror appears to change the priority accorded to “low interest” states only after a terrorist connection has been identified, rather than beforehand as part of a preventive strategy. The role that refugees and refugee camps played in the decade of anarchic violence in eastern DRC also reminds us that pockets of darkness may form around semipermanent collections of “displaced” populations. There are, for example, tens of millions of refugees who have been forced to live in what amount to favelas or shantytowns in another country.
Nigeria’s national and municipal governmental structures have consistently proven unable to deliver public services or to ensure public safety to the current urban population. The United States Agency for International Development’s 2002 profile of cities in Nigeria indicated that Lagos and other large cities within the country are “very dangerous,” particularly at night. Obviously, rampant high rates of crime are indicative of inadequate public safety services. 3 In 2002 this translated to more than 9 million Nigerians without reliable water and more than 7 million without sewage control.