Download A Fevered Crescent: Security and Insecurity in the Greater by James F. Miskel PDF

By James F. Miskel

A Fevered Crescent succinctly defines the foreign safeguard matters at stake within the international locations of the better close to East, arguing that significant hindrances to balance during this sector may well influence the U.S.. concentrating on the parts of Asia and Africa, the authors’ fundamental issues are advanced, interdependent factors—demographic swap (especially swift urbanization), clash, and source depletion—that are redrawing the worldwide defense map from Africa to the Indonesian archipelago. Miskel and Liotta additionally define the tense emergence of mega-urban parts that in simple terms exist simply because they're propped up by means of overseas aid and “pockets of darkness” in distant parts the place terrorists and legal enterprises flourish.
            providing feedback for making improvements to stipulations in those constructing countries, the booklet in particular recommends a brand new foreign “covenant” that will mobilize and marshal efforts to higher govern towns and stop distant components from being triumph over through destabilizing forces. The authors argue that adjustments can't be made unilaterally or in a hegemonic demeanour; they have to come from the mixed efforts of not just overseas governments, but in addition nongovernmental enterprises and civilian grassroots organisations in each one kingdom.

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Extra info for A Fevered Crescent: Security and Insecurity in the Greater Near East

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The more entrenched these nongovernment or antigovernment organizations become—as they will be as city and national governments fail to deliver services—the more difficult it will be for governments to reassert control. It is already the case in some cities. In certain Brazilian favelas and even in some UN-administered refugee camps that have virtually become cities, police forces have essentially chosen not even to attempt law enforcement. In effect, these so-called feral parts of the city today have and perhaps entire feral cities tomorrow will have the ability to resist imposition of control and to wring concessions from the government—virtual exemptions from the standards and norms applied in the rest of the country.

This may be changing as a result of the war on terror, but based on its course so far, the war on terror appears to change the priority accorded to “low interest” states only after a terrorist connection has been identified, rather than beforehand as part of a preventive strategy. The role that refugees and refugee camps played in the decade of anarchic violence in eastern DRC also reminds us that pockets of darkness may form around semipermanent collections of “displaced” populations. There are, for example, tens of millions of refugees who have been forced to live in what amount to favelas or shantytowns in another country.

Nigeria’s national and municipal governmental structures have consistently proven unable to deliver public services or to ensure public safety to the current urban population. The United States Agency for International Development’s 2002 profile of cities in Nigeria indicated that Lagos and other large cities within the country are “very dangerous,” particularly at night. Obviously, rampant high rates of crime are indicative of inadequate public safety services. 3 In 2002 this translated to more than 9 million Nigerians without reliable water and more than 7 million without sewage control.

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