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Fawaz A. Gerges is professor of diplomacy and Emirates Professor in modern heart East experiences on the London tuition of Economics and Political technological know-how. His many books contain the hot center East, Obama and the center East, and The some distance Enemy. His writing has seemed within the manhattan instances, the Washington submit, the dad or mum, international Affairs, and different publications.


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Sample text

Hence it. we it, such as cannot feel the STANDARDS OF CRITICISM: INSTRUMENTAL VALUES 35 A second complication arises when the works of art have been inherited from the past and have taken 2) on a new which in r61e in our lives all probability they never had in that of their makers. I refer to such a We Venice. work of are not so The Merchant of remote from the Elizabethan art as we cannot guess at Shakespeare's purpose in can say with a fair degree of cerwriting that play. tainty that it was a comedy, not a tragedy.

Hath not a Jew eyes? " and roared speare's day shouted, when gustily. In any event the speech was not written to excite sympathy for Shylock, but to make clear and reasonable to himself his thirst for revenge. But outside of Germany, Shylock could no longer be played as a comic figure, have grown humanitarian and most people look upon We him as close to tragic. Actors of the present day cut the would give an anti-humanitarian the drama, steal the play from Antonio and give scenes which Jew. Since a comedy comic, we is not a success if it of Venice server's point of view.

This path has been followed with unusual persistency by some people, like Diogenes the Cynic, presumably some of the early Christian saints, and many modern American businessmen. Such people, however, succeed in their program by lopping off a good part of their lives and escaping the problems it would raise were it not lopped off. Similar attempts appear to have been "made through education by whole social groups. Sparta denied the satisfaction of non-military interests, attempted to Communist Russia deny the satisfaction that comes from own- ing private property, Christian monasticism denied the terminal values of private property, self-dependence, and sex, in the chastity.

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