By Tianran Wang, Yi Zhang, Haibin Yu, Fei-Yue Wang
As one of many eighteen field-specific experiences comprising the excellent scope of the strategic basic file of the chinese language Academy of Sciences, this sub-report addresses long-range making plans for constructing technology and know-how within the box of complex production know-how. They every one craft a roadmap for his or her sphere of improvement to 2050. of their entirety, the final and sub-group experiences examine the evolution and legislation governing the improvement of technology and know-how, describe the decisive influence of technology and expertise at the modernization approach, expect that the realm is at the eve of an imminent S&T revolution, and contact for China to be totally ready for this new around of S&T development. according to the exact learn of the calls for on S&T innovation in China’s modernization, the studies draw a framework for 8 uncomplicated and strategic platforms of socio-economic improvement with the help of technological know-how and expertise, determine China’s S&T roadmaps for the suitable 8 easy and strategic structures in accordance with China’s fact, additional aspect S&T projects of strategic value to China’s modernization, and supply S&T decision-makers with entire consultations for the advance of S&T innovation in line with China’s truth. Supported by way of illustrations and tables of information, the reviews supply researchers, executive officers and marketers with counsel pertaining to learn instructions, the making plans method, and funding. based in 1949, the chinese language Academy of Sciences is the nation’s maximum educational establishment in typical sciences. Its significant obligations are to behavior learn in uncomplicated and technological sciences, to adopt national built-in surveys on average assets and ecological setting, to supply the rustic with medical information and consultations for government’s decision-making, to adopt government-assigned initiatives in regards to key S&T difficulties within the strategy of socio-economic improvement, to begin group of workers education, and to advertise China’s high-tech agencies via its energetic engagement in those areas.
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Additional resources for Advanced Manufacturing Technology in China: A Roadmap to 2050
Materials play an important role in the development of equipment technology, and the corresponding technology is the core competitive technique of manufacturing equipment. Control techniques in most high-end equipment play the role of effective control of the running process. By 2030, with the fast development of ubiquitous network and ubiquitous perception technology, the cost of controls will be reduced. Therefore, on the one hand, the popularization of manufacturing equipment controlling application will be promoted; on the other hand, the application level of control will be greatly improved by comprehensive control application of multidimension, multidimensional rate, multi-scale information.
With the development of distributed intelligent self-organization technology, cognitive radio technology, environment energy acquisition technology, future factory wireless sensor network will accommodate thousands of nodes. As a result, the sensor nodes can acquire energy from environment and the network can adjust automatically according to the variation of environment for stable performance. In terms of integration of wireless sensor networks and RFID, people begin to construct new information service system by using continuous physical information in time provided by wireless sensor networks and positioning mark information provided by RFID, for example, WISP in INTEL and temperature sensor tag in Bisa.
2) Key technologies framework of ubiquitous information processing for manufacturing process should be founded. (1) environment-aware modeling technology for manufacturing. (2) structured/unstructured trans-mode and trans-scale ubiquitous information integration technology. (3) massive sensing information processing technology based on cloud computing mode. (4) wearable computing and contex computing technology in ubiquitous information manufacturing mode. (5) complex Event Detection technology under spatio-temporal dynamic mode.