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English precis: 9 essays discover the ways that person Arabic and Persian authors among the 9th and 17th centuries (with examples drawn from the Abbasid to the Safavid dynasties) selected rulers and different political leaders as recipients for his or her writings, and instrumentalized or re-created literary traditions which will determine an expert for themselves, fulfill their very own stipulations and aspirations, and meet the calls for in their addressees.
Chasing stories is the 1st unique examine of journalism, go back and forth writing and the background of British principles approximately Afghanistan. It bargains a well timed research of the notional Afghanistan(s) that experience prevailed within the well known British mind's eye. Casting its web deep into the 19th century, the research investigates the country's mythologisation via scrutinising commute narratives, literary fiction and British information media assurance of the hot clash in Afghanistan.
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Fawaz A. Gerges is professor of diplomacy and Emirates Professor in modern heart East reports on the London institution of Economics and Political technology. His many books contain the recent center East, Obama and the center East, and The some distance Enemy. His writing has seemed within the ny instances, the Washington publish, the mum or dad, overseas Affairs, and different publications.
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Extra info for Afghanistan (Nations in Transition)
After much fanfare, the 87-year-old Zahir returned to a free and democratic Afghanistan in April 2002 and was warmly welcomed by THE ROCKY ROAD TO NATIONHOOD (1919–1979) ■ 17 Saqqao, whose name literally meant “Son of the Water Carrier,” seized the capital of Kabul. Seeking to legitimatize his rule, Saqqao changed his name to Habibullah Ghazi II. But he remained in power only nine months, after which he was arrested and executed by Amanullah’s exiled cousin Muhammad Nader Shah (1883–1933), a descendant of Dost Mohammad.
Nonetheless, he managed to unite a fragmented country. He was assassinated in 1933 by a member of a the Afghan people. Today he is a symbol of a peaceful past and a brighter future for millions of Afghans. King Zahir Shah, Afghanistan’s last monarch, is seen here in exile in Italy in 1987. He finally returned to his homeland in April 2002 to play a role in unifying his country. (AP/ Wide World Photos) h 18 ■ AFGHANISTAN family with whom he had been feuding for years. On Nader Shah’s death his son Mohammed Zahir Shah (see sidebar on pp.
28 ■ AFGHANISTAN The morale of the Afghan army was reaching an all-time low. The army had shrunk from over 100,000 fighters at the start of the war to less than 25,000. Many Afghans drafted into the army deserted at the first opportunity. Morale was also low among Soviet troops, and anti-war feelings at home were intensifying. Gorbachev knew he had to end the war or lose face in a Soviet Union that was already cracking at the seams from decades of misrule and corruption. The End of One War On April 14, 1988, a peace agreement was signed between the Soviets and Afghan representatives.