By Fraser J.G.
Джеймс Джордж Фрэзер (1854-1941) - известный английский этнограф, исследователь древнеримской литературы и Ветхого Завета, видный представитель классического эволюционизма в антропологии, один из пионеров сравнительного религиоведения, внесший большой вклад в изучение тотемизма, культа природы и верований в загробную жизнь.
«Золотая ветвь» считается одним из наиболее значительных трудов, исследующих истоки религии. В нем Фрэзер собрал и систематизировал уникальный материал по первобытным верованиям, древним и современным религиям, народным обычаям, существующим в различных уголках земного шара.
Опираясь на огромный массив этнографических и исторических данных, автор стремился показать целостную картину верований и обрядов всех эпох. Переведенная на множество языков, эта книга принесла автору мировую известность и представляет несомненный интерес не только для тех, кто занимается историей религии и фольклористикой, но и для самого широкого кpyгa читателей.
Книги редкие ужасно, в нашей стране, как мне кажется, такое сложно найти, только в крупнейших библиотеках - тем большую ценность книги представляют. Кто знает английский язык, расхватывайте книги скорее!
Read or Download Aftermath - A supplement to Golden Bough PDF
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Extra resources for Aftermath - A supplement to Golden Bough
No man was allowed to enter the house of a woman whose husband was absent, if the wife was sitting nor might a wife touch any man's clothing, would bring misfortune on her husband's so, and might even cost him his life. The gods were weapons be very particular about women observing the thought to taboos during their husbands' absence, and having nothing to do with men. " l Ivory Coast in West Africa, of a village have gone forth to war, leaving only the aged and infirm men and the women and children behind, all the women in the village paint their faces, breasts, and limbs Among the Agni, a tribe of the when the men with white clay dipped in water.
The analogy of this Efik custom to the custom of the Agni on the Ivory Coast described above is close and obvious. Among the Ijaw of Southern Nigeria, while the men were * D. A. Talbot, Women's Mystenes of a Primitive People (London, 1915), pp. 191 jy. * P. A. Talbot, Southern Nigeria, iii. The JPeopk* of 846* MAGIC I 35 away at the war, the women at home had to keep up a bold and happy appearance, and had to offer sacrifices to the fetishes. Every day they spread the tables with the favourite dishes of their absent husbands so that the souls of the warriors might not be driven by hunger to partake of the 1 ensnaring feasts of the enemy's magician.
All chests and boxes must be open, and the clothes and hair of the woman must hang loose. Further, all eiforts are made to get a brooding hen and to set it down before the in order that by its contagious example the be hastened. 3 This last provision is, of course, not a taboo but a positive injunction of homoeopathic rnagic. Among the Toradyas of Central Celebes it is similarly a rule birth woman, may that any person entering the house of a pregnant should not stand on the threshold but pass straight 1 Roy, The Birhors (Ranchi, PP- 376 sg$.