Download Against the Apocalypse: Responses to Catastrophe in Modern by David Roskies PDF

By David Roskies

This article files an almost unknown bankruptcy within the heritage of the refusal of Jews during the a long time to give up. the writer employs wide-ranging scholarship to the Holocaust and the stories linked to it, in confirmation of either continuities and violent endings.

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Extra resources for Against the Apocalypse: Responses to Catastrophe in Modern Jewish Culture (Judaic Traditions in Literature, Music, and Art)

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B. Berakhot 61b) The grounds for human suffering had changed if someone as blameless as Rabbi Akiva could be subjected to death by torture. 2009 10:24:00] page_29 < previous page page_29 next page > Page 29 as did Rabbi Yohanan ben Zakkai, who stole out of beleaguered Jerusalem in order to establish the academy of Yavneh with Roman support. The traditions surrounding Rabbi Akiva drew upon these three, giving as the reason for his arrest either his support for Bar Kokhba's rebellion or his defiance of Roman orders by calling assemblies to study the Torah.

True to a central strand of the Sinaitic tradition, the rabbis of the first to fifth centuries found complex means of restructuring the past to make it a usable guide for the future. The coding began with a search for the archetype. Catastrophes that clustered around a single date highlighted the primal event in the wilderness; the breaking of the tablets on the seventeenth of Tammuz culminated in the desecration of the sanctuary by Apostomos. In times of drought, a list of biblical heroes for whose sake the Lord had reversed the course of nature was retrieved from the collective memory; and in times of national crisis, ancient and more recent heroes were recast in a new light.

When assimilation, betrayal, and persecution threatened to destroy the whole community, martyrdom, redefined as Kiddush Hashem, was a call to close ranks. 2009 10:24:01] page_30 < previous page page_30 next page > Page 30 did they not warrant individual saints' days? From the so-called Latter Scroll of Fasts, 32 it would appear that the death dates of five tanaitic rabbis (including Akiva and Hanina) were indeed observed in Palestine, along with the anniversaries of Moses, Aaron, Miriam, Eli the Priest, Samuel, and other biblical greats; but by the early Middle Ages, no vestige remained of any of these fasts except the one for Moses.

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